Too often, enforcing new rights requires restrictions on the more traditional rights. For instance, calls for addressing ?hate speech??which advocates support as a means for combating what they see as intolerance and racism?nearly always involve restrictions, prohibitions, or punishments that infringe on the freedom of speech or freedom of religion and belief.
This effort to promote the ?evolution? of human rights threatens to undermine the great and noble project in fundamental ways. These rights are often in tension?and sometimes in outright conflict. Unlike more traditional rights, which seek to protect the individual from infringements on their freedoms by government, new rights typically seek to guarantee benefits to individuals from governments or to assert rights to categories of people or to a specific community. High-minded assertions of rights to broadband, a clean environment, or development cannot magically be realized. They require regulations, allocation of resources, and financial transfers by government.
This long-standing problem dates back decades to communist countries asserting their fidelity to economic, social, and cultural rights?such as the right to a job or a right to health care?as a way to obscure their denial of civil and political rights, such as the right to self-government and freedom of speech.